Sensitivity Study: Hukou Types of and you can Hukou Locality

Sensitivity Study: Hukou Types of and you can Hukou Locality

As migrant spouses’ education increases from high school to some college or above, the increase in their likelihood of hukou locality intermarriage is similar between Shanghai and Shenzhen. When migrant spouses’ education changes from high school to some college or above, their odds of hukou locality intermarriage increase by 159% and 110% in Shanghai and Shenzhen, respectively, and the difference between Shanghai and Shenzhen is not statistically significant (Shanghai: ? = 0.95, exp(?) = 2.59,p 0.05). In contrast, as migrant spouses’ education changes from less than high school to high school, their odds of intermarriage increase significantly in Shenzhen (? = 0.02 + 1.81 = 1.83,p 0.05), and the difference is highly significant (dif.: ? = 1.81,p < 0.001).

That it relationships is especially solid inside Shenzhen

Complete, including supporting proof of a great dyadic exchange, especially in Shenzhen, i together with pick supporting evidence having industry change, as migrants are more inclined to wed a community spouse (we.e., in order to create hukou intermarriage) as his or her knowledge increases. The outcomes strongly recommend a high odds of hukou area-studies change to have low-college-experienced migrants during the Shenzhen compared to Shanghai, however, a similar odds of hukou area-education exchange throughout these a couple towns and cities to possess college or university-experienced migrants, which aids Theory 3 your straight down probability of hukou locality-degree exchange within the Shanghai, than the Shenzhen, keeps for low-college-knowledgeable migrants although not having college-experienced migrants.

According to Model 5 away from Desk dos and you may Shape 2 , local spouses’ knowledge is not with the the diary-probability of hukou area intermarriage, and that matchmaking does not disagree between them cities

Up until now, you will find considered just intermarriage anywhere between neighbors and you may migrants, versus pinpointing anywhere between a few hukou types. Within our attempt, residents try mostly urban hukou holders whereas migrants mostly keep outlying hukou in both urban centers. Particularly, inside Shanghai, on the 85% out-of natives however, just about 20% regarding migrants provides urban hukou. Inside Shenzhen, the neighbors hold urban hukou, but only about thirty-five% regarding migrants try urban hukou people. New scientific distinction out-of hukou method of ranging from neighbors and you will migrants implies a probability of hukou sorts of exchange inside inter-hukou-area ine whether hukou sorts of impacts all of our results.

Very first, i glance at the newest delivery out of hukou sorts of certainly one of intermarriages away from hukou area. As found in Shape A1, more than 50 % of brand new partners in which a few spouses differ in hukou area mode homogamy regarding hukou form of. This will be in line with prior results that Chinese e hukou kind of (Li & Lu, 2008; Wang & The guy, 2014). Good gender asymmetric development regarding hukou interong partners involving an excellent migrant husband and you may a neighbor hood wife, merely eleven% try rural-husband-urban-wife partners whereas 86% are urban-husband-urban-partner lovers. In contrast, one of couples where partner was a beneficial Shanghai local citizen plus the wife are a great migrant, 45% are metropolitan-husband-rural-spouse people. Quite simply, when women that have Shanghai hukou wed migrants, they have a tendency so you’re able to wed metropolitan migrants, whereas men that have Shanghai hukou who get married migrant women have a tendency to marry outlying migrants. In Shenzhen, which gender trend is reduced obvious: 26% regarding migrant-husband-local-wife partners have an urban partner and you may a rural spouse, whereas a dozen% out-of local-husband-migrant-partner people encompass an urban spouse and you can a rural spouse. This type of findings advise that from inside the Shanghai marriage markets, both hukou locality and you will hukou particular framework intermarriage habits, but in Shenzhen hukou style of seems reduced crucial. It subsequent aids all of our conclusions throughout the hukou barrier are healthier from inside the Shanghai than in Shenzhen.

Second hyppää sivustolle, we did a sensitivity analysis by excluding couples in which two spouses differ in both hukou locality and hukou type. In this way, intermarriages that cross hukou locality do not include any couples that might also engage in status exchange in terms of hukou type. The results (available upon request) are substantively the same. Hukou locality homogamy remains more pronounced in Shanghai than in Shenzhen (? Shenzhen*hukou homogamy =?0.42, p shenzhen*(migrants: high school vs. less than high school) 1.11, p

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